GB 7-9/2019

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The effects of digital violence on human behavior
Pr. Prof. dr. Ioan C. Teșu
7

The effects of digital violence on human behavior

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Author: Pr. Prof. dr. Ioan C. Teșu
Tags: Chirstianity;digital technology; virtual games; violence; empathy; inner peace;
Excerpt:

Although violent video games were designed to train American soldiers, in order to desensitise them to the suffering caused, to flatten the feelings of pity and compassion for the victims, it is paradoxical that, instead of withdrawing them after reaching their goal, the producers upgraded the games, offering them to children aged 9-10. The result has been an increase in physical and verbal aggression and violence, amid a 40% decrease in empathy in the last twenty years, when technology and the Internet have been integrated into the life of contemporary man, especially of children and adolescents.Beyond some of their scientifically proven positive effects (developing reaction speed and three-dimensional thinking, breaking down tasks, promoting relaxation, emotional regulation, reducing pain, especially in painful medical treatments such as cytostatic chemotherapy, anxiety and mild forms of depression), the attitude towards these games must be one of spiritual discernment, able to avoid compulsive play and digital addiction. This implies on the part of the parents a control and a selection of the contents, and on the part of the children, a limitation of the time spent in their company and the replacement with other beneficial activities for their own physical development and spiritual maturation. The full and definitive answer is given to us by the Christian faith, in words such as those spoken by Christ the Saviour: “Learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.” (Matthew 11:29), which can be added to the “golden commandment” of love that the Lord left us, as a testament to eternity.

Homily on the Healing of the paralytic in Capernaum (Matthew 9: 1-8)
Bogdan STOICA
29

Homily on the Healing of the paralytic in Capernaum (Matthew 9: 1-8)

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Author: Bogdan STOICA
Tags: Capernaum; miracle; theological virtues; good deeds
Excerpt:

In the ancient or modern commentaries on the pericope of Matthew 9, 1-8 were highlighted different aspects: the purpose of suffering, caring for the friends, the divine mercy etc. On a closer look, it can be seen that in the Gospel text are teachings about all three great virtues: faith, hope and love. Thus, this sermon is built around the theological virtues. The elaboration of the sermon was based on the writings of St. John Chrysostom, N. Steinhardt etc. and carried out according to the homiletical criteria. Being a moral sermon, it ends with an innovative exercise whose purpose is to exhort the auditorium to do good deeds for the sick people.

Pastoral work in the citadel. Father Gheorghe Sima, his disciples and the community from Dobroteasa
Pr. dr. Liviu BARBU
37

Pastoral work in the citadel. Father Gheorghe Sima, his disciples and the community from Dobroteasa

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Author: Pr. dr. Liviu BARBU
Tags: children, youth and adult spiritual direction and formation; discipleship; spiritual paternity; Eastern Orthodox pastoral and social mission; Eastern Orthodox tradition; case study
Excerpt:

The article provides a window into the charismatic tradition of spiritual direction and formation in the Eastern Orthodox Church offering a contemporary example of an urban parish in Bucharest, Romania, seen through the lenses of a case study, which examines the pastoral and missionary activity of its spiritual father, Gheorghe Sima, and the outlook of Dobroteasa parish, focused on the inner change of Christians, including children and the youth, and its social corollary effect – active participation in the transformation of the society and the world. The findings of the study and their interpretation in the light of the Eastern Orthodox tradition show that the Church’s pastoral work of spiritual direction and formation, realised through spiritual paternity and anchored in its community life, is the expression and the authentic seal of the life in Christ, by which the Christian takes on the image of the meek, humble, obedient and loving Christ.

The appeal of contemporary Orthodox systematic studies to the cosmology of the Gospel of John
Paul-Daniel CĂȚOI, PhD candidate
79

The appeal of contemporary Orthodox systematic studies to the cosmology of the Gospel of John

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Author: Paul-Daniel CĂȚOI, PhD candidate
Tags:
Excerpt:

John’s Gospel, usually known in Orthodoxy as „The Theological Gospel”, is a genuine resource for the orthodox theology, that’s why this writing may be the closest to the eastern spirituality.The present study aims to investigate the appeal and influence of the use of the Fourth Gospel’s cosmology in the contemporary orthodox dogmatic field, to detect whether it is present and assumed. Although the cosmological basis of the Fourth Gospel is one of the most consistent in the whole Holy Scripture, it is largely neglected by the academic orthodox theology, especially when it comes to the cosmological chapter of the well-known and best-recognized dogmatic manuals by orthodox authors of the 20th century. The present approach is based on reviewing the most important manuals of dogmatic theology of the most important theologians and thinkers in the Eastern Church from the 20th century as: Ioannis Zizioulas, Christos Yannaras, Ioannis Romanidis, Nikos Matsoukas, Vladimir Lossky, Justin Popovitch or Dumitru Stăniloae, and find out if their works have well defined cosmological chapters, if those chapters are based on The Holy Scripture and especially on the Fourth Gospel’s cosmological basis, which has a specific view, based on the different approach and understanding of the term κόσμος.

Some considerations on the indissolubility of marriage in the Orthodox Church, with a focus on the Tetragamy Controversy and the number of remarriages allowed
Claudiu ȚÂRULESCU, PhD candidate
125

Some considerations on the indissolubility of marriage in the Orthodox Church, with a focus on the Tetragamy Controversy and the number of remarriages allowed

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Author: Claudiu ȚÂRULESCU, PhD candidate
Tags: Tetragamy; remarriage; Leon the Philosopher; Canon Laws; Tomus Unionis
Excerpt:

The orthodox marital teaching has basis on the Holy Scriptures and the writings of Church Fathers. Blessed by Christ Himself at the wedding in Cana of Galilee, marriage is an indissoluble Sacrament. This idea was supported and defended by the Fathers of the Church through their canons and writings. However, as a result of human weaknesses, the Orthodox Church accepted in certain situations the dissolution of the marriage and allowed the Christians to remarry. Until the tenth century it was not defined concretely the maximum number of times an Orthodox can be remarried, neither by civil laws nor by ecclesiastical canons. The Byzantine emperor Leon the Philosopher took advantage of this situation, who got married four times. This event led to a schism within the Orthodox Church and a conflict with the Roman Catholic Church. Finally, a synod was held in Constantinople. The synod established that the fourth marriage is strictly forbidden, and the second and third marriages are allowed under certain conditions. The purpose of this article is to capture the essence of the Orthodox theology regarding the topic of the indissolubility of marriage and to identify the number of remarriages admitted for a Christian Orthodox in the context of the Tetragamy Controversy. In order to achieve these objectives, I have done some research on the main Byzantium legislative collections and the canons of the Holy Fathers who wrote about remarriage in the Orthodox Church.

The importance of knowledge the Gypsy ethos in the pastoral activity
Marius CĂLDĂRARU, PhD candidate
147

The importance of knowledge the Gypsy ethos in the pastoral activity

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Author: Marius CĂLDĂRARU, PhD candidate
Tags: Gipsy; semi-dependency; nomadic lifestyle; vow; metropolitans and patriarchs curses;
Excerpt:

This study discusses Gypsy vows. The research aims to find a possible source of these ritual events, phenomenon which, if it is analized without tanking into consideration that they preserve traditions inherited from generation to generation, is considered outdated. Therefore, it is necessary to know the Gypsy ethos in the pastoral activity. First, the article examine all types of vows they use and which are their meanings. Then, it is argued that there is an indispensable bond between vow and curse. Finally, a possible source of these vows is disclosed. The main methods used are: observation, discussions with Gypsies from Sintesti village and from other Gypsy communities, transcription and analyzing several documents written between 1638-1808.

Historical Facts about the Graves from the “Monastery” Church – Vălenii de Munte (Prahova)
Dr. Alexandru-Ionuț CRUCERU
181

Historical Facts about the Graves from the “Monastery” Church – Vălenii de Munte (Prahova)

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Author: Dr. Alexandru-Ionuț CRUCERU
Tags: graves; church; archeology; benefactor;funeral;
Excerpt:

The “Monastery” church from Vălenii de Munte (Prahova) occupies a special place among the church monuments of the Prahova county, due to it’s historical and architectural value. Located on the Teleajen Valley, in the center of Vălenii de Munte, it bears the traces of its past, marked by its stage as a metoh (branch) of the Cotroceni Monastery. Among these traces are the tombs inside the narhex of the church, about which research reminds very little. Therefore, the present article aims to approach, from a historical perspective, the funeral practice encountered in the Văleni monastery, between the 17th and the 19th centuries, and in particular, the graves found inside the church.

Arhim. EMILIANOS SIMONOPETRITUL, „Waiting for God. About ilness, suffering and death (translated by Ierom. Agapie Corbu, Arad, Ed. Sf. Nectarie, 2019, 275 pp) - REVIEW
Pr. dr. Adrian AGACHI
201

Arhim. EMILIANOS SIMONOPETRITUL, „Waiting for God. About ilness, suffering and death (translated by Ierom. Agapie Corbu, Arad, Ed. Sf. Nectarie, 2019, 275 pp) - REVIEW

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Author: Pr. dr. Adrian AGACHI
Tags: suffering; healing; Church; death; hope
Excerpt:

The volume of Father Emilianos Simonopetritul is a good preparation for the realities of illness, suffering and death. The spiritual quality of man is observed, first of all, during the trials of life and, most clearly, on the bed of death. Essential criteria of the depth of the spiritual life, sickness and suffering can lead the one who assumes them sincerely and courageously to the discovery of new spiritual gifts. Both are fundamental preparations for the moment of death, the culmination of our sufferings and trials.